Frame – Self-Carriage – Roundness – Collection — Do you know the difference?
by Dr. Mike Guerini, Ph.D. (www.dunmovinranch.com)
We take great liberties with the English language these days when we speak, text and, write. Two, Too, and To are often texted as “2” and this is just one example of us interchanging words and letters and numbers so that we do not always have to think about the exact spelling, meaning, or detail of a simple word.
As equestrians, we find ourselves in training or instructing or learning and we get challenged to describe what we are feeling. We often use words that we think we understand their meaning…but in truth … we heard someone else say the word and we think it sounds correct or powerful or authoritative.
Four words in particular — Frame – Self-Carriage – Roundness – Collection — are often used interchangeably and by that—they are used incorrectly. These words are not interchangeable. The four terms are distinct in meaning, appearance, and feel when riding. Let us begin with defining these words normally, without the equestrian perspective….and then defining with the equestrian perspective.
General Population Definitions of these words:
Frame — to construct by fitting and uniting the parts of the skeleton of (a structure)
Self-Carriage — manner of bearing the body, deportment
Roundness — having curves rather than angles
Collection — the act or process of getting things from different places and bringing them together
Even in everyday use, these words have distinct meanings. Now let us look at them through the eyes of an equestrian.
Equestrian Definitions of these words:
Frame — Horse traveling in a predetermined outline. Frame has a particular look. We can influence the frame with natural and artificial aids.
Self-Carriage — the horse carries himself in the best and most appropriate manner for the movement he has to execute. Self-carriage is the result of balance. This requires time and patience and good equitation for us to be able to work with our horse to be in balance and self-carriage.
Roundness — horse lifts his back so that the hind end can reach under further and the topline can become rounder. Again — This requires time and patience and good equitation for us to be able to work with our horse to achieve correct roundness.
Collection — to shift his center of gravity more over his hind feet by increasing the bend in his hocks and stifles. That lowers his hindquarters, shortens his strides, and means that when he thrusts off the ground, his impulsion now becomes more “up” than “forward.” The holy grail and top of the training scale. An often sought after, moderately achieved activity that the horse can sustain for short periods of time (note….it is not good to announce proudly that you rode your horse in collection for over an hour….just not a good plan and likely it did not happen, nor would a good equestrian want it to happen)
Simply by reading these definitions, you can begin developing a mental picture of how they are different and of course how these concepts work together. A multitude of people have discussed these concepts in excellent detail and below I share with you some of the references I use as I continue to advance my learning (See links below).
My challenge to you as fellow equestrians is to become more exacting in the words you use to describe what your horse and you are achieving. By being more exacting – you will improve your training, develop reasonable and progressive goals, and have more fun and success.
Thanks for reading and please feel free to share this blog to encourage other equestrians to learn more and to develop more exacting standards of language as horsemen and horsewomen.
Dr. Mike Guerini is a clinician, author of multiple Horsemanship books, co-inventor of the Equine Hydro-T and specializes in western performance based instruction and you can learn more about Dr. Mike and his 6 C’s of Horsemanship at www.dunmovinranch.com. Dr. Mike is also part of Coach’s Corral (http://www.coachscorral.com/), an online Horsemanship Coaching program that specializes in video coaching and the 5 Ride Program. Dun Movin Ranch is also home to the Equine Hydro-T (http://www.hydrot.com/).